Anglo-German Naval Agreement Pdf

Although any government of the Weimar Republic against part of Versailles violated, in 1933 and 1934 the Nazi government had become more open and open by injuring Part V. In 1933, the Germans began building their first submarines since World War I and launched their first submarines in April 1935. [27] On 25 April 1935 The British naval attaché in Germany, Captain Gerard Muirhead-Gould, was officially informed by Captain Leopold Of the Reichsmarine that Germany had installed twelve 250-ton submarines at Kiel. [28] On 29 April 1935, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sir John Simon, announced in the British House of Commons that Germany was now building submarines. [28] On 2 May 1935, Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald informed the House of Representatives that his government intended to enter into a naval pact to settle the future growth of the German navy. [28] In the late 1930s, Hitler`s disillusionment with that of the United Kingdom led to increasingly anti-uk German foreign policy. [61] An important sign of Hitler`s changing perception of the United Kingdom was his decision in January 1939, giving the first priority to the navy in allocating money, skilled workers and raw materials and launching Plan Z to build a colossal navy of 10 battleships, 16 “pocket boatmen”, 8 aircraft carriers , 5 heavy cruisers, 36 light cruisers and 249 submarines until 1944 to dismantle the Royal Navy. [62] Given that the fleet in Plan Z was significantly larger than was permitted in the 35:100 report in the agreement, it was inevitable that Germany would renounce it. In the winter of 1938-1939, it became clearer to London that the Germans no longer wanted to respect the agreement, which played a role in deepening Anglo-German relations. [63] In October 1938, reports were received that the Germans were denouncing the agreement, and Halifax was using cabinet discussions for the need for a tougher policy with the Empire. [64] The German declaration of 9 December 1938, which allowed 100% quota to be built in submarines by the agreement and at the borders in heavy cruisers led to a speech by Chamberlain to correspondents of the German News Agency in London, which preceded the “vain of ambition, when ambition led to the desire for domination”.

[65] Over the next two weeks, discussions continued in London on various technical issues, mainly on how tonnages would be calculated in the different categories of warships. [42] Ribbentrop was desperately in favour of success, thus accepting almost all of the UK`s demands. [42] On 18 June 1935, the agreement was signed in London by Ribbentrop and the new British Foreign Minister, Sir Samuel Hoare. Hitler called June 18, 1935, the day of the signing, “the happiest day of his life,” believing that it marked the beginning of an Anglo-German alliance. [43] [44] For Germany, the German navy was primarily an instrument for exerting political pressure on Britain. Before the war, Germany would have been prepared to cease or moderate its maritime competition with Great Britain, but only in exchange for the promise of neutrality in any European conflict. Hitler tried the same thing with different methods, but like other German politicians, he saw only part of the picture. It is clear from his writings that he was extremely impressed by the rivalry role of the pre-war naval forces in creating bad relations between the two countries.

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